使用行业标准

RecyclingWorks has compiled industry data from published reports and studies, which can be used as guidance for facilities with little to no current food waste diversion program in place. The purpose of this tool is to help businesses and institutions in Massachusetts determine whether it is likely they are subject to the马萨诸塞州商业食品垃圾处理禁令188金宝搏体育下载. Actual food waste generated can vary widely from one business to another. If your business is currently tracking or diverting food waste, you may dispose of less food waste than indicated by the industry averages.

当更新或改进的数据可用时,我们将继续完善和添加指标。此工具上次更新于2020年6月。查看列表使用的来源在制定我们的食物废物估计指南。188金宝搏体育下载

根据制备方法和材料、剩菜的再利用和食品服务的类型,个别结果可能会有所不同。例如,与传统的托盘服务相比,无托盘用餐政策减少了自助餐厅18&188bet指定#56;体育官网1234消费后的食物浪费。此外,在厨房中使用垃圾处理或类似技术可以减少进入垃圾桶的食物垃圾总量。188金宝搏体育下载

Click on the industry sector listed below that best fits your business. For many sectors, you will see several methods of estimating food waste, based on factors such as how many meals you serve, how many employees you have, or how much total waste your business generates. Cross-check different methods to get the best estimate of how much food waste your business may generate.

辅助生活设施

Colleges and Universities

Corporate Cafeterias

Correctional Facilities

Elementary and Secondary Schools

Hospitals

Lodging and Hotels

Restaurants

Supermarkets and Grocery Stores

Venues and Events

辅助生活设施

Click herefor a printable, fill-in version of this Commercial Food Waste Disposal Ban threshold estimation guide for nursing homes.

assisted living facilities estimation formulas

If you serve3,334 meals一周后,然后:

0.6 lbs/meal * 3,334 meals served/week = 2,000 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste in one week

If you serve10,000 lbs of food一周后,然后:

20% of food served * 10,000 lbs served/week = 2,000 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste in one week

如果你有159 beds, then:

1.8 lbs/bed/day * 159 beds = 286 lbs/day

286 lbs/day * 7 days/week = 2,002 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

如果你有219 employees, then:

475 lbs/employee/year * 219 employees = 104,025 lbs/year

104,025 lbs/year ÷ 52 weeks/year = 2,000 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per year

1This metric uses beds as a proxy to account for all food waste generated across the nursing home by residents, staff, and visitors.

2这个指标使用相当数量的全职员工作为代理,来计算整个疗养院的住户、员工和访客产生的所有食物垃圾。188金宝搏体育下载

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Colleges and Universities

Click here如需打印,请填写本《商业性餐厨垃圾处理禁令门槛估算指南》高校版。188金宝搏体育下载

高校评估公式

如果你有430住在校园里的学生, then:

141.75磅/学生/年*430名住宿学生=60953磅/年

60,953 lbs/year ÷ 30 weeks/year = 2,031 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

如果你有1,600students living off campus, then:

37.8 lbs/student/year * 1,600 non-residential students = 60,480 lbs/year

60,480 lbs/year ÷ 30 weeks/year = 2,016 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

Note: The equations based on number of students (above) assume a steady level of food consumption over a 30-week academic year. If this is not the case at your institution, the number of weeks should be adjusted to reflect your operations.

1This metric assumes 405 meals per residential student per year.

2This metric assumes 108 meals per non-residential student per year.
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Corporate Cafeterias

Click herefor a printable, fill-in version of this Commercial Food Waste Disposal Ban threshold estimation guide for corporate cafeterias.

企业食堂估算公式

If you serve4000顿饭一周后,然后:

0.625 lbs/meal * 4,000 meals served/week = 2,000 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

10.625 lbs/meal is the median of EPA Corporate Cafeterias average estimate (range 0.5-0.75 lbs/meal).

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Correctional Facilities

Click herefor a printable, fill-in version of this Commercial Food Waste Disposal Ban threshold estimation guide for correctional facilities.

惩教设施估算公式

如果你有房子286 inmates, then:

1 lbs/meal * 286 inmates = 286 lbs/day

286 lbs/day * 7 days/week = 2,002 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

如果你填满2 trash dumpsters at 8 cubic yards twice per week, then:

250 lbs1* (2 trash dumpsters * 8 yd3* 2 pickups/week) = 8,000 lbs of total disposed waste/week

8,000 lbs * 30% of total waste = 2,400 lbs/week = 1.2 ton of food waste in one week

1The equation based on weight of disposed waste assumes a weight of 250 lbs/yd3浪费。它是美国环保署未压缩混合城市固体废物(住宅、机构、商业)标准换算系数的较低范围:1码3mixed MSW = 250 to 300 lbs. You may choose to change this number to best represent your operations.

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Elementary and Secondary Schools

Click here如需打印,请填写本《中小学商业餐厨垃圾处理禁令门槛估算指南》。188金宝搏体育下载

注:RecyclingWorks现在根据佛蒙特州自然资源局的数据,为小学、初中和高中提供单独的学生人均估算。小学和中学每名学生的估计数高于该工具早期版本的0.5磅/学生/周指标。轶事观察表明,国家学校午餐计划的变化、午餐时间的缩短以及课堂上早餐供应的增加,导致了更多的食物浪费,尤其是在小学。在估算学校的食物浪费时,还要考虑学校是否有烹饪教育计划,是否有一个集中的厨房为其他地点提供服务,或者是否为高比例的学生提供学校午餐(而不是从家里带来的午餐),因为这些可能会导致更多的食物浪费。188金宝搏体育下载

schools estimation formulas

如果你有1770名小学生, then:

1.13 lbs/student/week * 1,770 students = 2,000 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

如果你有2,740 middle school students, then:

0.73 lbs/student/week * 2,740 students = 2,000 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

如果你有5,715 high school students, then:

0.35 lbs/student/week * 5,715 students = 2,000 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

如果你填满1 trash dumpster at 10 cubic yards 2 times per week, then:

2501磅/码3* (10 yd3/垃圾桶*2个垃圾桶/周)=每周处理的垃圾总量为5000磅

5,000 lbs * 45% of total waste = 2,250 lbs/week = 1.1 tons of food waste in one week

1The equation based on weight of disposed waste assumes a weight of 250 lbs/yd3浪费。它是美国环保署未压缩混合城市固体废物(住宅、机构、商业)标准换算系数的较低范围:1码3mixed MSW = 250 to 300 lbs. You may choose to change this number to best represent your operations.

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Hospitals

Click herefor a printable, fill-in version of this Commercial Food Waste Disposal Ban threshold estimation guide for hospitals.

hospitals estimation formulas

If you serve3,334 meals一周后,然后:

0.6 lbs/meal * 3,334 meals served/week = 2,000 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste in one week

If you serve6,667 lbs of food一周后,然后:

30% of food served * 6,667 lbs served/week = 2,000 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste in one week

如果你有84 beds, then:

3.42 lbs/bed/day * 84 beds = 287 lbs/day

287 lbs/day * 7 days/week = 2,009 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

如果你有360 full-time employees, then:

290 lbs/employee/year * 360 employees = 104,400 lbs/year

104,400 lbs/year ÷ 52 weeks/year = 2,008 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per year

1This metric uses beds as a proxy to account for all food waste generated across the hospital by patients, staff, and visitors.

2290 lbs/employee/year is CalRecycle’s 2014 estimate. This metric uses the equivalent number of full-time employees for the entire hospital as a proxy to account for all food waste generated across the hospital by patients, staff, and visitors.

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Lodging and Hotels

Click herefor a printable, fill-in version of this Commercial Food Waste Disposal Ban threshold estimation guide for lodging and hotels.

注:不提供餐饮服务的酒店通常会产生比以下指标所示更少的食物浪费。因此,您可以选择更改这些度量以最好地代表您的操作。188金宝搏体育下载

lodging and hotels estimation formulas

如果你有286 guests每天,然后:

1磅/客人/天*286客人=286磅/天

286 lbs/day * 7 days/week = 2,002 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

如果你有301 guest rooms, then:

345.64磅/间/年*301间=104037磅/年

104,037 lbs/year ÷ 52 weeks/year = 2,001 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

如果你填满1trash dumpster at 8 cubic yards three times per week, then:

2501磅/码3* (1 trash dumpster * 8 yd3*3辆皮卡/周)=每周处理的废物总量为6000磅

6,000 lbs * 36% of total waste = 2,160 lbs/week = 1.1 tons of food waste in one week

如果你有80 employees, then:

1,305 lbs/employee/year * 80 employees = 104,400 lbs/year

104400磅/年÷52周/年=2008磅/周=每年1.1吨食物垃圾188金宝搏体育下载

1The equation based on weight of disposed waste assumes a weight of 250 lbs/yd3浪费。它是美国环保署未压缩混合城市固体废物(住宅、机构、商业)标准换算系数的较低范围:1码3mixed MSW = 250 to 300 lbs. You may choose to change this number to best represent your operations.

2This metric uses the equivalent number of full-time employees for the entire hotel as a proxy to account for all food waste generated across the hotel by staff, guests, and other patrons.

Tip:东北废物管理官员协会(NEWMOA)制定了Green Lodging Calculatorthat estimates environmental benefits and financial savings from various sustainable practices tailored to the hospitality industry.

Green Lodging Calculator

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Restaurants

Click herefor a printable, fill-in version of this Commercial Food Waste Disposal Ban threshold estimation guide for restaurants.

注:RecyclingWorks现在根据NAICS规范定义,为有限的和全方位服务的餐厅提供各种形式的食物垃圾估算188金宝搏体育下载。有限服务餐厅(NAICS 722211) are defined as “establishments primarily engaged in providing food services … where patrons generally order or select items and pay before eating.” Full-Service Restaurants (NAICS 722511) are defined as “establishments primarily engaged in providing food services to patrons who order and are served while seated … and pay after eating. Actual food waste generation rates within each of these categories can vary widely. Factors such as whether your establishment prepares food from scratch, offers buffet-style dining, or has mostly patrons that eat-in can contribute to higher amounts of food waste. Take into account your restaurant’s operations when considering which metric to use.

估算公式

If you are a full-service restaurant serving2,000 meals一周后,然后:

1 lbs/meal * 2,000 meals served/week = 2,000 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

If you are a limited-service restaurant serving4000顿饭一周后,然后:

0.5磅/餐* 4000餐/周= 2000磅/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

If you are a full-service restaurant with35名员工, then:

3,000 lbs/employee/year * 35 full-time employees = 105,000 lbs food waste generated/year

105000磅/年÷52周/年=2019磅/周=每周1吨食物垃圾188金宝搏体育下载

If you are a limited-service restaurant with48 employees, then:

2,200 lbs/employee/year * 48 full-time employees = 105,600 lbs food waste generated/year

105600磅/年÷52周/年=2031磅/周=每周1吨食物垃圾188金宝搏体育下载

如果你是一家全方位服务的餐厅1个垃圾箱,8立方码,每周2次, then:

2501磅/码3* (1 trash dumpster * 8 yd3* 2 pickups/week) = 4,000 lbs of total disposed waste/week

4,000 lbs * 66% of total waste = 2,640 lbs/week = 1.3 tons of food waste in one week

如果你是一个快餐店和填补1个垃圾箱,8立方码,每周2次, then:

2501磅/码3* (1 trash dumpster * 8 yd3* 2 pickups/week) = 4,000 lbs of total disposed waste/week

4,000 lbs * 51% of total waste = 2,040 lbs/week = 1.0 tons of food waste in one week

1The equation based on weight of disposed waste assumes a weight of 250 lbs/yd3浪费。它是美国环保署未压缩混合城市固体废物(住宅、机构、商业)标准换算系数的较低范围:1码3mixed MSW = 250 to 300 lbs. You may choose to change this number to best represent your operations.

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Supermarkets and Grocery Stores

Click herefor a printable, fill-in version of this Commercial Food Waste Disposal Ban threshold estimation guide for supermarkets and grocery stores.

supermarkets estimation formulas

如果你有35 full-time employees, then:

3,000 lbs/employee/year * 35 full-time employees = 105,000 lbs food waste generated/year

105000磅/年÷52周/年=2019磅/周=每周1吨食物垃圾188金宝搏体育下载

如果你填满1个垃圾箱,8立方码,每周2次, then:

2501磅/码3(1个垃圾桶*8码)3* 2 pickups/week) = 4,000 lbs of total disposed waste/week

4,000 lbs * 63% of total waste = 2,520 lbs/week = 1.3 tons of food waste in one week

1The equation based on weight of disposed waste assumes a weight of 250 lbs/yd3浪费。它是美国环保署未压缩混合城市固体废物(住宅、机构、商业)标准换算系数的较低范围:1码3mixed MSW = 250 to 300 lbs. You may choose to change this number to best represent your operations.

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Venues and Events

Click herefor a printable, fill-in version of this Commercial Food Waste Disposal Ban threshold estimation guide for venues and events.

venues and events estimation formulas

For resorts and conference properties:

如果你有476 seats, then:

0.6磅/座/天*476座=286磅/天

286 lbs/day * 7 days/week = 2,002 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste per week

If you serve2,000 meals一周后,然后:

1 lbs/meal * 2,000 meals served/week = 2,000 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste in one week

大型场馆和活动2:

如果你有一周内有4450名游客, then:

0.45 lbs/visitor * 4,450 visitors = 2,002 lbs = 1 ton of food waste in one week

如果你填满28立方码垃圾桶,每周2次, then:

2501磅/码3* (2 trash dumpsters * 8 yd3* 2 pickups/week) = 8,000 lbs of total disposed waste/week

8,000 lbs * 25% of total waste = 2,000 lbs/week = 1 ton of food waste in one week

1The equation based on weight of disposed waste assumes a weight of 250 lbs/yd3浪费。它是美国环保署未压缩混合城市固体废物(住宅、机构、商业)标准换算系数的较低范围:1码3mixed MSW = 250 to 300 lbs. You may choose to change this number to best represent your operations.

2Large venues and events include convention centers, stadiums, theme parks, performing art centers, movie theaters, fairgrounds, special event sites (e.g. parades, sporting events, festivals), and miscellaneous venues (e.g. museums, zoos).

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Sources for Business Sector Estimates

California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle). Business Group Waste Stream Calculator. 2016
https://www2.calrecycle.ca.gov/WasteCharacterization/BusinessGroupCalculator

Cascadia Consulting Group.Waste Disposal and Diversion Findings for Selected Industry Groups. No. 341-2006-0006. California Environmental Protection Agency, June 2006.
https://www2.calrecycle.ca.gov/Publications/Details/1184.

Florida Department of Environmental Protection.Waste Reduction and Recycling Guide for Florida Correctional Facilities. Kessler Consulting, Inc., Jan. 2004.
https://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/docs/cr/stateagency/casestudies/florida.pdf.

188金宝搏体育下载减少食物浪费联盟。Analysis of U.S. Food Waste Among Food Manufacturers, Retailers, and Wholesalers. BSR, Apr. 2013.http://www.foodwastealliance.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/FWRA\u BSR\u Tier2\u FINAL.pdf.

Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection.Identification, Characterization, and Mapping of Food Waste and Food Waste Generators In Massachusetts.Draper/Lennon, Inc., Sept. 2002.http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/dep/recycle/priorities/foodwast.pdf.

Massachusetts Restaurant Association. Interview by Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection. 2013.

Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC).Estimating Quantities and Types of Food Waste at the City Level. October 2017.https://www.nrdc.org/sites/default/files/food-waste-city-level-report.pdf

尼科尔斯,P.,C.波特,L.哈蒙德和B.阿杰曼迪。“食物摄入量可能由退休生活中心的盘子垃圾决定。”Journal of the American Dietetic Association102.8 (2002): 1142-144.

Northeast Waste Management Official’s Association (NEWMOA).从行为改变到可持续酒店的环境结果:指标、公式、变量和假设. June 2011.http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/projects/hospitality/ From_Behavior_Change_to_Environmental_Outcomes.pdf.

ReFED.A Roadmap to Reduce US Food Waste by 20%. Report: Technical Appendix. 2016.https://www.refed.com/downloads/ReFED_Technical_Appendix.pdf

United States Environmental Protection Agency. Food Waste Management Cost Calculator. 2009.https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2017-01/foodcost3.xls

Vermont Agency of Natural Resources.Food Scrap Generator Database Calculations. 2014年5月。http://anrmaps.vermont.gov/websites/Organics/documents/FoodScrapGeneration_Calculations-Final.pdf

威廉姆斯、彼得G.和凯伦沃尔顿。“医院中的餐厨垃圾与变革策略。”E-SPEN – The European E-journal of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism6th Ser. 6 (2011).

包裹。The Composition of Waste Disposed of by the UK Hospitality Industry. July 2011.http://www.wrap.org.uk/sites/files/wrap/The_Composition_of_Waste_Disposed_of_by_the_UK _Hospitality_Industry_FINAL_JULY_2011_GP_EDIT.54efe0c9.11675.pdf.

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